Who invented LASIK?
The LASIK eye correction procedure can correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. Patients with myopia have a cornea that is shaped too steep, and those with hyperopia have a shape that is too flat. Both of these cases can be treated with Lasik. Patients who undergo Lasik procedures for vision correction are mostly satisfied with the outcome. Some patients were able to improve their vision to 20/20.
Traditional Lasik is performed using a laser-assisted in situ keramileusis. The cornea is reshaped using this excimer laser. This procedure includes 3 stages:
1. Creating the corneal flap
2. Lifting the flap and reshaping the cornea using the laser
3. Placing the flap back down
Jose Barraquer is considered the father of the surgical eye correction procedure. As a Columbia-based doctor he invented the procedure using keratomileusis, which became the precursors to laser vision correction procedure. Due to this technology, it was made possible to cut out flap in the cornea to alter its shape.
In the early 1930s Svyatoslav Nikolayevich Fyodorov, a Russian eye surgeon, was the first surgeons who invented radial keratotomy or performed incisions in the cornea in the radial pattern, similar as the spokes of a wheel. Though, Fyodorov did not invent refractive surgery, his work was a great contribution to the field of the laser eye surgery. Today, his formulations are used in developing nearly all laser eye technologies.
In 1960, Theodore Maiman developed the first laser known now as a ruby laser. A little later, in 1968 the California-based Northrop Corporation Research and Technology Center invented the first excimer laser. The creation of the excimer laser was the biggest breakthrough in the Lasik corrective surgery. It was later improved by Dr. Rangaswamy Srinivasan and his surgical team at IBM Research Labs in the early 1980s. Due to this perfected laser it became possible to etch the corneal tissue that needed to be fixed precisely, without harming surrounding areas.
The first patent for Lasik was presented in 1989. 6 years later, the FDA approved laser eye correction for nearsighted patients. Later on, the FDA approved this procedure for farsighted patients as well.
Now, Lasik eye surgery has become a worldwide vision correction option. Each year millions of people visit ophthalmology centers with the intent to improve their vision by laser eye procedure. Also the development in the laser surgery field is still ongoing. Because of this innovation in Lasik the laser surgery is performed more precisely and can be fully customizable.
Dr. William Boothe of Boothe Eye Care is the one of the most experienced refractive surgeons in the world. Since 1987, he has been a well-known corneal specialist. Dr. Boothe was among the first refractive specialists who had special training in vision correction techniques during his Fellowship. Also, he was one of the first surgeons who began perform laser eye surgery with a microkeratome and an FDA-approved excimer laser in Dallas. In 1999 he was named “VISX Surgeon of the Year”.
There more than 83,000 IntraLasik laser eye surgeries and over 121,000 Lasik vision corrective procedures performed at Boothe Eye Care. Dr. Boothe’s mission is to give people the light of life through laser eye surgery.
If you want to receive any additional information or have any questions regarding laser eye procedures as Lasik, IntraLasik or Wavefront technology, please contact Boothe Eye Care & Laser Center at (214) 328-0444.