Bladeless LASIK works similarly to traditional LASIK. The only difference between them is that traditional LASIK uses the microkeratome for cutting the corneal flap, and bladeless LASIK uses laser energy. During a bladeless LASIK procedure, Dr. Boothe uses a laser to create the corneal flap and to reshape the cornea. Bladeless LASIK allows the surgeon to customize the flap creation for each person. Flap creation using laser technology greatly reduces the risks and complications associated with LASIK.
Bladeless LASIK surgery uses two kinds of lasers – an excimer laser and a femtosecond laser. The femtosecond laser is used to create a corneal flap and the flap is folded back so the refractive error can be corrected. The excimer laser is then used to remove the corneal tissue exposed in order to correct the corneal shape. After correcting the shape of the cornea, the flap is placed back on to the surface and starts healing. Bladeless LASIK is best suited for patients with very thin corneas and also patients who have previously done LASIK surgery. The bladeless LASIK procedure is also known as the IntraLase surgical procedure. In comparison with traditional LASIK, it is safer and quicker. The corneal flap can be created within 30 seconds and in some cases, 10 seconds.
Bladeless LASIK requires less energy usage so the risks of corneal tissue damage or inflammations are low compared to traditional LASIK. The development of dry eye is also uncommon. Several complications such as decentered flaps, micro perforations, buttonholes and irregular flaps can be eliminated by the use of bladeless LASIK.
If you would like to undergo bladeless LASIK, you have to be at least 18 years or older without any health problems. You cannot use eyeglasses or contact lenses for at least one week prior to the bladeless LASIK procedure. After completing the surgery, you should not swim or rub your eyes for several weeks. Side-effects such as dry eyes, halos, and light sensitivity will gradually disappear. Dr. Boothe will go through all the precautions that you should take before and after the surgery.